Psalm 22When you study the Bible – it is important to understand that there are many layers to what we are reading.  On the one hand the words were written by individuals who were going through situations in their present day… as well it can prophetically point towards something that will happen in the future … and those same words are being spoken through that individual to all of us in our present day as well!  We refer to this as the Law of Double Reference – and that is why the Bible is called the LIVING Word of God – it speaks to everyone at the same time (as if it were alive).

 Based on that understanding – Psalm 22 is known as “The Psalm of the Cross”.  While, on one side, David is writing a song of lament about his current predicament – his words also speak of the future coming of God’s Messiah to save all of humanity.  Scattered throughout this psalm are references which are identical to those spoken of Jesus on the cross.  This is not a coincidence or an accident – but instead is more beautiful evidence that God had already fashioned our deliverance from the foundations of time.

Let’s take a quick look at a few of these cross-references:

1.       “My God, my God, why have You forsaken me?”Psalm 22:1.  While David is speaking of his current situation – Jesus prophetically echoes this heartbreaking thought while on the Cross (Matt 27:46; Mark 15:34).


2.       “But I am a worm, and no man; I am the scorn of men, and despised by the people.Psalm 22:6.  David sees himself as completely worthless (a worm) – but this is also a beautiful reference a different kind of “worm”.  This worm is the Hebrew word “tola” and it is used in the Middle East region to make crimson (or scarlet red) dye.  Again – here is a reference to Jesus – willingly becoming the lowest of low (a worm) all in order to spill His crimson (scarlet red) blood for the deliverance of humanity!  (You can read more about this phenomenon here).


3.       “All who see me laugh at me and mock me; they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying, He trusted and rolled himself on the Lord, that He would deliver him. Let Him deliver him, seeing that He delights in him!” – Psalm 22:7-8.  Again – speaking of David in his situation, but also a future reference to what Jesus would endure while on the cross (Matt 27:39-44; Mark 15:29-32).


4.       Psalm 22:12 – David speaks of strong bulls surrounding him like those of Bashan.  Bashan is an area in Israel, east of Jordan, which was known for raising the largest and fattest livestock in the region.  A bull is a symbol of strength – and the “Bulls of Bashan” is also a reference to the prideful leaders of Israel who were determined to crucify Jesus at all cost.


5.       “My strength is dried up like a fragment of clay pottery; [with thirst] my tongue cleaves to my jaws; and You have brought me into the dust of death.Psalm 22:15.  Again – a reference to David and to Jesus on the cross, who cried out “I thirst” (John 29:28).


6.       “For [like a pack of] dogs they have encompassed me; a company of evildoers has encircled me, they pierced my hands and my feet.Psalm 22:16.  David felt pierced by his enemies… and Jesus would eventually actually BE pierced by them!


7.       “… the evildoers gaze at me.”Psalm 22:17.  They gawked at David with accusing eyes and they did the same to Jesus up on the cross.


8.       “They part my clothing among them and cast lots for my raiment (a long, shirtlike garment, a seamless undertunic). ”Psalm 22:18.  They also cast lots for Jesus’ undergarment while He was up on the cross (John 19:23-24).


9.       Psalm 22:22-25 – A prophetic call for all of us to sing our praise to Jesus for His work on the cross on our behalf.


10.   Psalm 22:26-31 – The results of this future sacrifice of the Messiah – King Jesus.  “The poor and afflicted shall eat and be satisfied…” 22:26.  “They shall go and tell of the Lord to the next generation…” – 22:30.


11.   In the end Psalm 22 culminates with the resounding statement… “He has done it!”.  (22:31).   In the same way, Jesus cries out on the cross “It is finished!” before He dies.  (John 19:30).


Perhaps you should take a moment and reread this Psalm – keeping in mind both the stressful situation which David found himself in – along with the prophetic proclamation of a coming Deliverer.  Then cross-reference your current situation… Jesus has come!  Your calamity has been reversed!  Verses 22-31 are for you!  Declare it… shout it… live it!!!!


Be Fruitful & Multiply,